- How millennial socialists make the case for a kinder politics George Scialabba, New Republic
- Affirmative Action: the uniquely American experiment Orlando Patterson, New York Times
- Imagining Africa (clash of civilizations?) Clive Gabay, Disorder of Things
- Anáhuac and Rome: indigeneity and religion in Mexico Arturo Chang, Age of Revolutions
The significance of an individual from a disadvantaged group earning a respected occupation and excelling displays the potential of people from that group to overcome prejudice and contribute to the betterment of the world, thus providing distinction for the individual and garnering pride and acclaim for the group. Shoehorning disadvantaged groups into positions as a political statement renders their presence as purely symbolic.
But then, again…. many of the names used in the study as typically African-American are Muslim or Arabic in origin: Aisha, Keisha, Hakim, Kareem. The study was conducted in 2001- 02, immediately after the 9/11/2001 attacks on the World Trade Center. It was the most Islamophobic period in recent US history. Yet, the study didn’t consider ethnic or religious bias as factors.
These examples of bias differ fundamentally. The cases of policing and employment entail prejudiced people in positions of power. The example of healthcare research doesn’t, making it “true” systemic bias. It demonstrates the possibility of prejudiced design without a prejudiced designer.
- How Japan invented Los Angeles — and reinvented American style Colin Marshall, LARB
- China’s new attempt at creating a civil religion Ian Johnson, NYT
- Liberty gained and (Protestant) power lost David French, Dispatch
- How Delhi’s Muslim rulers presided over a fusion of cultures and religions Ramachandra Guha, TLS