Nightcap

  1. Qassem Soleimani and deterrence Michael Koplow, Ottomans & Zionists
  2. A grim history of civilian planes shot down Ron DePasquale, NYT
  3. NATO expansion into the Middle East? Caitlin Oprysko, Politico
  4. Imperialism in medieval Java (sea power?) WJ Sastrawan, New Mandala

Nightcap

  1. The sneaky rise of “common wisdom” in Middle East studies Peter Henne, Duck of Minerva
  2. War with Iran is not inevitable Hussein Ibish, Bloomberg
  3. The Soleimani killing leaves Iran with few options Ali Mamouri, Al-Monitor
  4. Bernard Lewis, Edward Said, facts, ideology, and the Middle East Notes On Liberty

Nightcap

  1. The killing of General Qassem Soleimani Maximilian Popp, Spiegel
  2. The killing of General Qassem Soleimani Bozorgmehr & Cornish, FT
  3. The killing of General Qassem Soleimani Abhijnan Rej, Diplomat
  4. The killing of General Qassem Soleimani Jesse Johnson, Japan Times